By default, and for best performance, Solr indexes full words and word stems, and for most people, this is adequate for normal text-based searches and facets.
However, some people need an extra option enabled in their Solr schema.xml configuration, to enable wildcard matches and partial word matches.
Since search performance for larger indexes can be impacted significantly, this option is disabled by default on all new Hosted Apache Solr search cores. If you require this feature for your particular use case, please email support and ask them to enable the option.
It is simple to do; if you're using Solr outside of Hosted Apache Solr, all you need to do is search for the first occurrence of
SnowballPorterFilterFactory in the search core's schema.xml file, and immediately following, add a line with
<filter class="solr.SnowballPorterFilterFactory" language="English" protected="protwords.txt"/> <filter class="solr.EdgeNGramFilterFactory" minGramSize="3" maxGramSize="25" />
Then restart Solr, and reindex your site. Partial word search should now be available.
Note: If you need to match partial words that are in the middle of a word, and aren't necessarily at the beginning of a word, then you should use
NGramFilterFactory instead of